TAXA REPORTED FROM THE TYPE-CINCINNATIAN

phylum ECTOPROCTA (= BRYOZOA)

compiled
by
R. A. Davis
College of Mount St. Joseph
Cincinnati, Ohio, 45233-1670


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preface
Taxonomic Framework
Alphabetical Listing by Generic Name
Bibliography
Ankyliography
About this web-page -- Caveat lector !


PREFACE

The following is by no means complete. It is, rather, a working-document in progress.

If you notice any errors, please, contact me with the pertinent information.

R. A. Davis
Department of Biology
College of Mount St. Joseph
5701 Delhi Road
Cincinnati, Ohio, 45233-1670

electronic-mail: r_a_davis@mail.msj.edu


phylum Ectoprocta Nitsche, 1869
(= Bryozoa Ehrenberg, 1831)

The following list is a compilation derived from the various bryozoan web-pages included in the Cincinnatian web-site of Professor Steven Holland, University of Georgia. His web-site is part of a long-term project by him and others to work out the detailed biostratigraphy of the type-Cincinnatian. The web-site contains what is, in effect, the list of the taxa he recognizes as having been reported in those rocks.

Cryptostomida

Arthrostylus

Arthrostylus curtus (Ulrich)
Arthrostylus tenuis (James, 1878)

Crateripora Ulrich, 1879

(Name applied to encrusting portions of cryptostome zooaria. Now a nomen dubium (Boardman, et al., 1983).)

Crateripora lineata

Escharopora

Escharopora acuminata (James)
Escharopora eparmata Karklins, 1983
Escharopora falciformis (Nicholson) ----- (originally Ptilodictya falciformis)
Escharopora hilli Ulrich
Escharopora maculata (Ulrich)
Escharopora pavonia (D'Orbigny)

Graptodictya

Graptodictya cincinnatiensis (James) ----- (formerly Arthropora cincinnatiensis)
Graptodictya cleavelandi (James) ----- (formerly Arthropora cleavelandi)
Graptodictya perelegans (Ulrich, 1878) ----- (formerly Ptilodictya perelegans)
Graptodictya shafferi (Meek, 1872) ----- (originally Ptilodictya (Stictopora) Shafferi; formerly Arthropora shafferi)

Helopora

(Helopora is said to be limited to the Lower Silurian to Lower Devonian (Boardman, et al., 1983). If that is correct, the two species below likely belong in a different genus.)

Helopora elegans Ulrich
Helopora harrisi James

Pachydictya

Pachydictya fenestelliformis (Nicholson)

Paleschara

(This genus not listed by Boardman, et al., 1983.)

Paleschara beani (James)

Ptilodictya

Ptilodictya flagellum Nicholson
Ptilodictya magnifica S. A. Miller, 1878
Ptilodictya nodosa James
Ptilodictya plumaria James

Stictopora

Stictopora emacerata (Nicholson) ----- (formerly Dicranopora emacerata)
Stictopora internodia (Miller and Dyer) ----- (formerly Dicranopora internodia)
Stictopora lata (Ulrich) ----- (formerly Rhinidictya lata)
Stictopora meeki (James) ----- (formerly Dicranopora meeki)
Stictopora neglecta (Ulrich, 1893) ----- (formerly Rhinidictya neglecta)
Stictopora parallela (James) ----- (formerly Rhinidictya parallela)

Stictoporella

Stictoporella interstincta Ulrich, 1882 ----- (includes Ptilodictya flexuosa and Stictoporella flexuosa)

Ctenostomata

Heteronema

Heteronema ? contextum Ulrich and Bassler

Ropalonaria

Ropalonaria venosa Ulrich ----- (sometimes misspelled Rhopalonaria venosum)

Vinella

Vinella radialis Ulrich

Cyclostomata

Berenicea

Berenicea primitiva Ulrich
Berenicea vesiculosa Ulrich

Coeloclema

Coeloclema commune (Ulrich)
Coeloclema oweni (James)

Corynotrypa

Corynotrypa delicatula (James, 1878) ----- (originally Hippothoa delicatula; includes Stomatopora proutana S. A. Miller, 1882, Ropalonaria pertenuis, Stomatopora tenuissima, Stomatopora delicatula)

Corynotrypa inflata (Hall, 1847) ----- (originally Alecto inflata; includes Hippothoa inflata, Stomatopora inflata, Corynotrypa curta, Corynotrypa medialis, and Corynotrypa inflata)

Cuffeyella

Cuffeyella arachnoidea (Hall, 1847) ----- (originally Aulopora arachnoidea; includes Stomatopora arachnoidea, Aulopora frondosa James, 1873, Alecto frondosa, Proboscina frondosa, Stomatopora frondosa, Alecto auloporoides Nicholson, 1875, Proboscina auloporoides, Alecto confusa Nicholson, 1875, and Proboscina confusa)

Cystoporida

Acanthoceramoporella

Acanthoceramoporella granulosa (Ulrich, 1890) ----- (formerly Ceramoporella granulosa)
Acanthoceramoporella triloba (Cumings and Galloway, 1913) ----- (formerly Ceramoporella triloba)

Ceramophylla

Ceramophylla alternatum (U. P. James, 1878) ----- (originally Ceramopora alternata; includes Ceramophylla vaupeli, Coeloclema alternatum, Coeloclema vaupeli, Diamesopora trentonensis, Diamesopora vaupeli)

Ceramoporella

Ceramoporella distincta Ulrich, 1890
Ceramoporella flabellata (Ulrich, 1879) ----- (originally Chiloporella flabellata)
Ceramoporella ohioensis (Nicholson) ----- (not listed in Utgaard, 1968)
Ceramoporella tubulosa Cumings and Galloway ----- (not listed in Utgaard, 1968)
Ceramoporella whitei (James) ----- (not listed in Utgaard, 1968)

Constellaria

Constellaria emaciata? (Ulrich and Bassler)
Constellaria florida Ulrich, 1882 ----- (includes Constellaria constellata)
Constellaria limitaris (Ulrich)
Constellaria polystomella Nicholson, 1875
Constellaria teres Hayes and Ulrich, 1903

Crepipora Ulrich, 1882

Crepipora impressa Ulrich ----- (not listed in Utgaard, 1968)
Crepipora simulans Ulrich
Crepipora solida Ulrich
Crepipora venusta (Ulrich, 1878)

Fenestrida

Chasmatopora

(Note that Bassler [1953] listed Chasmatopora as a junior synonym of Subretepora, a trepostome. Anstey and Wilson [1996] listed Chasmatopora, as well as the closely related Phylloporina, both members of the Phylloporinina [Order Fenestrida], as occurring in the Ordovician of Ohio; they did not list Subretepora.)

Chasmatopora clathrata (Miller and Dyer)
Chasmatopora variolata (Ulrich)

Fenestella

Fenestella granulosa Whitfield

Trepostomatida

Amplexopora

Amplexopora ampla Ulrich and Bassler, 1904
Amplexopora cingulata Ulrich, 1882
Amplexopora discoidea (Nicholson) ----- (not listed in Boardman, 1960)
Amplexopora filiasa (d'Orbigny, 1850) ----- (includes Monticulipora subcylindrica; not listed in Boardman, 1960)
Amplexopora granulosa Cumings and Galloway ----- (not listed in Boardman, 1960)
Amplexopora parva
Amplexopora persimilis Nickles, 1905
Amplexopora petasiformis Nicholson ----- (not listed in Boardman, 1960)
Amplexopora pumila Cumings and Galloway ----- (not listed in Boardman, 1960)
Amplexopora pustulosa Ulrich, 1890
Amplexopora robusta Ulrich, 1883
Amplexopora septosa (Ulrich 1879) ----- (includes Amplexopora multispinosa)
Amplexpora variable (Ulrich, 1890) ----- (formerly Batostoma variable)
Amplexopora welchi James ----- (not listed in Boardman, 1960)
Amplexopora winchelli

Aspidopora

Aspidopora areolata Ulrich
Aspidopora eccentrica (James)
Aspidopora newberryi (Nicholson)

Atactopora

Atactopora angularis Ulrich and Bassler
Atactopora hirsuta Ulrich
Atactopora intermedia Cumings and Galloway
Atactopora maculata Ulrich

Atactoporella

Atactoporella multigranosa (Ulrich)
Atactoporella mundula (Ulrich, 1883)
Atactoporella newportensis Ulrich, 1883
Atactoporella ortoni (Nicholson)
Atactoporella schucherti Ulrich
Atactoporella tenella (Ulrich)
Atactoporella typicalis Ulrich

Balticoporella

Balticoporella whitfieldi (James) ----- (formerly Hemiphragma whitfieldi)

Batostoma

Batostoma ? cornula (Cumings and Galloway, 1915) ----- (formerly Nicholsonella cornula; not listed in Boardman, 1960)
Batostoma implicatum (Nicholson) ----- (not listed in Boardman, 1960)
Batostoma jamesi (Nicholson, 1874) ----- (not listed in Boardman, 1960)
Batostoma maysvillense Nickles, 1905
Batostoma prosseri Cumings and Galloway, 1912
Batostoma varians (James, 1878) ----- (formerly Monticulipora varians; not listed in Boardman, 1960)

Batostomella

Batostomella delicatula
Batostomella gracilis (Nicholson, 1881) ----- (formerly Bythopora gracilis, Homotrypella gracilis, Bythopora meeki, Homotrypella meeki)

Bythopora

Bythopora arctipora (Nicholson, 1875) ----- (originally Ptilodictya ? arctipora)
Bythopora delicatula (Nicholson, 1874) ----- (originally Chaetetes delicatulus)
Bythopora dendrina (James, 1878) ----- (originally Helopora dendrina; includes Bythopora fruticosa Miller and Dyer, 1878)
Bythopora parvula (James, 1878)
Bythopora striata Ulrich, 1889

Calloporella

Calloporella circularis (James)

Cyphotrypa

Cyphotrypa madisonensis Brown and Daly, 1985
Cyphotrypa osgoodensis Perry and Hattin, 1960

Dekayella

Dekayella obscura Ulrich
Dekayella ulrichi (Nicholson)

Dekayia

Dekayia apressa Ulrich, 1883
Dekayia aspera Milne-Edwards and Haime, 1851
Dekayia catenulata (Cumings and Galloway, 1915) ----- (formerly Stigmatella catenulata)
Dekayia inflecta
Dekayia maculata James, 1881
Dekayia magna Cumings, 1901
Dekayia mesospinosa Brown and Daly, 1985
Dekayia multispinosa Ulrich, 1883
Dekayia pelliculata Ulrich, 1883
Dekayia prolifica
Dekayia semipilaris (Ulrich, 1890) ----- (formerly Leptotrypa semipilaris and Cyphotrypa semipilaris)
Dekayia stidhami (Ulrich, 1890) ----- (formerly Leptotrypa stidhami and Cyphotrypa stidhami)

Discotrypa

Discotrypa elegans (Ulrich)

Gortanipora

Gortanipora bassleri

Hallopora

Hallopora congrua
Hallopora dalei (Milne-Edwards and Haime)
Hallopora elegantula

Heterotrypa

Heterotrypa cystata (Cumings, 1901) ----- (formerly Dekayella cystata and Dekayia frondosa cystata)
Heterotrypa foliacea (Ulrich and Bassler, 1904) ----- (formerly Dekayella foliacea, Dekayella milleri, Heterotrypa foerstei)
Heterotrypa frondosa (d'Orbigny, 1850) ----- (formerly Dekayia frondosa, Dekayia perfrondosa)
Heterotrypa inflecta Ulrich
Heterotrypa lobata (Cumings)
Heterotrypa microstigma Cumings and Galloway, 1915
Heterotrypa paupera (Ulrich)
Heterotrypa robusta (Foord, 1884) ----- (formerly Dekayella robusta, Monticulipora ohioensis, Dekayia ulrichi robusta, Dekayia ulrichi expansa, and Dekaykia ulrichi lobata)
Heterotrypa singularis
Heterotrypa solitaria Ulrich, 1883
Heterotrypa subfrondosa (Cumings, 1902) ----- (formerly Dekayia subfrondosa)
Heterotrypa subpulchella (Nicholson)
Heterotrypa subramosa (Ulrich)
Heterotrypa ulrichi Nicholson

Homotrypa

Homotrypa alta Cumings and Galloway, 1915 ----- (includes Homotrypa spinea)
Homotrypa bassleri Nickles
Homotrypa cincinnatiensis Bassler, 1903
Homotrypa communis Bassler, 1903 ----- (includes Homotrypa austini)
Homotrypa sp. cf. H. creditensis Dyer, 1925
Homotrypa cressmani Karklins, 1984
Homotrypa curvata Ulrich, 1882 ----- (formerly Monticulipora curvata)
Homotrypa cylindrica Bassler
Homotrypa dawsoni Ulrich
Homotrypa dumosa Bassler
Homotrypa flabellaris Ulrich, 1890 ----- (formerly Monticulipora flabellaris)
Homotrypa glabra Cumings and Galloway
Homotrypa grandis Bassler, 1903
Homotrypa libana Bassler
Homotrypa nicklesi Bassler
Homotrypa nitida
Homotrypa nodulosa Bassler, 1903
Homotrypa obliqua Ulrich, 1882
Homotrypa pulchra Bassler, 1903
Homotrypa ramulosa Bassler
Homotrypa richmondensis Bassler
Homotrypa wortheni (James)

Homotrypella

Homotrypella hospitalis (Nicholson, 1881) ----- (includes Prasopora hospitalis, Peronopora hospitalis, Monticulipora hospitalis, Heterotrypa winchelli, Monticulipora winchelli, Atactoporella crassa, Homotrypella rustica, Homotrypella expansa)

Leptotrypa

Leptotrypa calceola (Miller and Dyer)
Leptotrypa clavacoidea (James)
Leptotrypa cortex Ulrich
Leptotrypa minima Ulrich, 1883 ----- (includes Leptotrypa ornata)

Lioclimella

Lioclimella subfusiformis (James)

Mesotrypa

Mesotrypa orbiculata Cumings and Galloway
Mesotrypa patella (Ulrich, 1890) ----- (formerly Diplotrypa patella)

Monotrypa

Monotrypa subglobosa (Ulrich)

Monticulipora

Monticulipora cincinnatiensis (James)
Monticulipora cleavelandi James
Monticulipora epidermata Ulrich and Bassler, 1904
Monticulipora laevis Ulrich
Monticulipora mammulata d'Orbigny 1850
Monticulipora molesta Nicholson
Monticulipora parasitica Ulrich

Nicholsonella

Nicholsonella peculiaris Cumings and Galloway
Nicholsonella vaupeli (Ulrich, 1883) ----- (Formerly Heterotrypa vaupeli, Monticulipora vaupeli)

Orbignyella

Orbignyella lamellosa (Ulrich, 1890) ----- (formerly Monticulipora lamellosa)

Parvohallopora

Parvohallopora laevigata Singh, 1979
Parvohallopora onealli (James) ----- (originally Hallopora onealli)
Parvohallopora ramosa (d'Orbigny, 1850) ----- (originally Monticulipora ramosa; formerly Hallopora ramosa, Hallopora rugosa, Hallopora nodulosa, and Hallopora andrewsi)
Parvohallopora subnodosa (Ulrich, 1890) -----(originally Callopora subnodosa; formerly Hallopora subnodosa, Callopora pulchella, Callopora frondosa, Parvohallopora laevigata, but see separate entry for the last-named)
Parvohallopora subplana (Ulrich, 1882) ----- (originally Callopora subplana)
Parvohallopora wesenbergiana

Peronopora Nicholson, 1881

Peronopora compressa (Ulrich, 1879)
Peronopora decipiens (Rominger, 1866)
Peronopora dubia (Cumings and Galloway, 1913) ----- (originally Peronoporella dubia; includes Peronopora pachymura Utgaard and Perry, 1964, fide Holland web-site)
Peronopora horowitzi Pachut and Anstey, 2002
Peronopora milleri Nickles, 1905
Peronopora pauca Utgaard and Perry, 1964
Peronopora sparsa Brown and Daly, 1985
Peronopora vera Ulrich, 1888

Petigopora

Petigopora asperula Ulrich
Petigopora gregaria Ulrich
Petigopora offula Ulrich and Bassler
Petigopora petechialis (Nicholson)

Prasopora

Prasopora simulatrix

Rhombotrypa

Rhombotrypa quadrata (Rominger, 1866)
Rhombotrypa subquadrata (Ulrich)

Spatiopora

Spatiopora aspera Ulrich
Spatiopora corticans (Nicholson)
Spatiopora lineata Ulrich
Spatiopora maculosa Ulrich
Spatiopora montifera Ulrich
Spatiopora tuberculata (Milne-Edwards and Haime, 1851)

Stigmatella

Stigmatella acanthera Brown and Daly, 1985
Stigmatella alcicornis Cumings and Galloway
Stigmatella clavis (Ulrich, 1883)
Stigmatella conica Brown, 1965
Stigmatella crenulata Ulrich and Bassler
Stigmatella dychei (James)
Stigmatella incrustans Cumings and Galloway
Stigmatella interporosa Ulrich and Bassler, 1904
Stigmatella irregularis (Ulrich)
Stigmatella nana Ulrich and Bassler
Stigmatella nicklesi Ulrich and Bassler
Stigmatella personata Ulrich and Bassler
Stigmatella sessilis Cumings and Galloway
Stigmatella spinosa Ulrich and Bassler

(to Table of Contents)


BIBLIOGRAPHY

Not all of the following are complete and correct bibliographic citations. For more complete, definitive citations, please, go to the bibliography web-page of this web-site.

Anstey, Robert Leland, 1970, The Trepostome Bryozoan Fauna of the Eden Shale (Ordovician) in Southeastern Indiana and Adjacent Areas in Kentucky and Ohio: Ph.D. dissertation, Indiana University, 216 p. (abstract: Dissertations Abstracts International, v. 31, no. 4, p. 2157B).

Anstey, Robert L., 1981, Zooid Orientation Structures and Water Flow Patterns in Paleozoic Bryozoan Colonies: Lethaia, v. 14, no. 4, p. 287-302.

Anstey, Robert L., 1986, Bryozoan Provinces and Patterns of Generic Evolution and Extinction in the Late Ordovician of North America: Lethaia, v. 19, no. 1, p. 33-51.

Anstey, Robert L., 1987a, Astogeny and Phylogeny: Evolutionary Heterochrony in Paleozoic Bryozoans: Paleobiology, v. 13, no. 1, p. 20-43.

Anstey, R. L., 1987b, Colony patterning and functional morphology of water flow in Paleozoic stenolaemate Bryozoa: IN Ross, J. R. P., ed., Bryozoa: Past and Present: Western Washington University, Bellingham, p. 1-8.

Anstey, Robert L., and John W. Bartley, 1984, Quantitative Stereology: An Improved Thin Section Biometry for Bryozoans and Other Colonial Organisms: Journal of Paleontology, v. 58, no. 3, p. 612-625.

Anstey, Robert L., and Terry L. Chase, 1974, Geographic Diversity of Late Ordovician Corals and Bryozoans in North America: Journal of Paleontology, v. 48, no. 6, p. 1141-1148.

Anstey, Robert L., and Joseph F. Pachut, 1980, Fourier Packing Ordinate: A Univariate Size-independent Measurement of the Polygonal Packing Variation in Paleozoic Bryozoans: Mathematical Geology, v. 12, no. 2, p. 139-156.

Anstey, Robert L., and Joseph F. Pachut, 2004, Cladistic and Phenetic Recognition of Species in the Ordovician Bryozoan Genus Peronopora: Journal of Paleontology, v. 78, no. 4, p. 651–674.

Anstey, Robert L., Joseph F. Pachut, and Dennis R. Prezbindowski, 1976, Morphogenic Gradients in Paleozoic Bryozoan Colonies: Paleobiology, v. 2, no. 2, p. 131-146.

Anstey, Robert L., and T. G. Perry, 1969, Redescription of Cotypes of Peronopora vera Ulrich, a Cincinnatian (Late Ordovician) Ectoproct Species: Journal of Paleontology, v. 43, no. 2, p. 245-251, pls. 31-32.

Anstey, Robert L., and T. G. Perry, 1972 (1973), Eden Shale Bryozoans: A Numerical Study (Ordovician, Ohio Valley): Michigan State University, Publications of the Museum, Paleontological Series, v. 1, no. 1, 80 p., 22 pls. (title page bears the date 1972, but the verso of the title page states "Published 14 January 1973".).

Anstey, Robert L., and S. Frank Rabbio, 1989, Regional Bryozoan Biostratigraphy and Taphonomy of the Edenian Stratotype (Kope Formation, Cincinnati area): Graphic Correlation and Gradient Analysis: Palaios, v. 4, no. 6, p. 574-584.

Anstey, R. L., S. F. Rabbio, and M. E. Tuckey, 1987, Bryozoan Bathymetric Gradients within a Late Ordovician Epeiric Sea: Paleoceanography, v. 2, no. 2, p. 165-176.

Anstey, Robert L., and Mark A. Wilson, 1996, Phylum Bryozoa: p. 196-209 IN Fossils of Ohio (Feldmann, Rodney M., and Merrianne Hackathorn, eds.): Ohio Division of Geological Survey, Bulletin 70. ----- V.

Astrova, G. G., 1973, Polymorphism and Its Development in the Trepostomatous Bryozoa: p. 1-10, pls. 1-2 IN Living and Fossil Bryozoa (Larwood, G. P., ed.): Academic Press, London and New York.

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Bartley, John W., and Robert L. Anstey, 1983, Cyclic Growth in Lower Paleozoic Stenolaemate Bryozoans [abstract]: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 15, no. 6, p. 523.

Bartley, John W., Robert L. Anstey, and Carol M. Brunner, 1982, Nested growth rhythms in Paleozoic bryozoans [abstract]: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 14, no. 5, p. 254.

Bassler, R. S., 1903, The Structural Features of the Bryozoan Genus Homotrypa, with Descriptions of Species from the Cincinnatian Group: Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum, v. 26, no. 1323, p. 565-591, pls. 20-25.

Bassler, Ray S., 1906, A Study of the James types of Ordovician and Silurian Bryozoa: Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum, v. 30, no. 1442, p. 1-66, pls. 1-6.

Bassler, R. S., 1913, Bryozoa: p. 314-355 IN Zittel's Text-book of Paleontology (2nd ed.; Eastman, Charles P., ed.): Macmillan and Co., London, v. 1.

Bassler, Ray S., 1915, Bibliographic Index of American Ordovician and Silurian Fossils: U.S. National Museum Bulletin 92, 2 v., p. I-VIII + 1-1,521, pls. 1-4.

Bassler, Ray S., 1953, Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part G. Bryozoa: Geological Society of America, New York, and University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, Kansas, p. i-xiii + G1-G253.

Bassler, R. S., and H. Duncan, 1955, Proposed Use of the Plenary Powers to Standardize the Current Use of "Monticulipora" D'Orbigny, 1849 (Class Bryozoa, Order Cyclostomata or Trepostomata, Family Monticuliporidae Nicholson): Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, v. 11, pt. 3, p. 90-92.

Blake, D. B., 1975, The Order Cryptostomata Resurrected: p. 211-223, 3 pls. IN Bryozoan 1974 (David, L., ed.): Documents Laboratoires Geologie Faculté des Sciences Lyon, H. S. 3, fasc. 1.

Blake, D. B., 1979, The Arthrostylidae and Articulated Growth Habits in Paleozoic Bryozoans: p. 337-344 IN Advances in Bryozoology (Larwood, G. P., and M. B. Abbott, eds.): Academic Press, London.

Boardman, Richard S., 1960, A Revision of the Ordovician Bryozoan Genera Batostoma, Anaphragma, and Amplexopora: Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, v. 140, no. 5, 28 p., 7 pls.

Boardman, R. S., 1968, Colony Development and Convergent Evolution of Budding Pattern in "Rhombotrypid" Bryozoa: Atti della Societa di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, v. 108, p. 179-184.

Boardman, Richard S., 1971, Mode of Growth and Functional Morphology of Autozooids in Some Recent and Paleozoic Tubular Bryozoa: Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology, no. 8, 51 p., 11 pls.

Boardman, Richard S., 1999, Indications of polypides in feeding zooids and polymorphs in the Lower Paleozoic Trepostomata (Bryozoa): Journal of Paleontology, v. 73, no. 5, p. 803-815.

Boardman, Richard S., 2001, The growth and function of skeletal diaphragms in the colony life of lower Paleozoic Trepostomata (Bryozoa): Journal of Paleontology, v. 75, no. 2, p. 225-240.

Boardman, Richard S., 2002, Colony life then and now: Lower Paleozoic trepostomes (500-350 mya) and living cyclostomes: a review: p. 41-51 IN Bryozoan Studies 2001: Proceedings of the Twelfth International Bryozoology Association Conference, Dublin, Ireland, 16-21 July 2001 (Wyse Jackson, Patrick N., Caroline J. Buttler, and Mary E. Spencer Jones, editors): A. A. Balkema Publishers, Lisse, The Netherlands. ----- V.

Boardman, Richard S., and Alan H. Cheetham, 1969, Skeletal growth, intracolony variation, and evolution in Bryozoa: a review: Journal of Paleontology, v. 43, no. 2, p. 205-233, pls. 27-30.

Boardman, R. S., A. H. Cheetham, D. B. Blake, John Utgaard, O. L. Karlkins, P. L. Cook, P. A. Sandberg, Geneviève Lutaud, and T. S. Wood, 1983, Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part G. Bryozoa. Revised. Volume 1: Introduction, Order Cystoporata, Order Cryptostomata. Geological Society of America, Boulder, Colorado, and University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, Kansas. xxvi + 625 p.

Boardman, R. S., A. H. Cheetham, and P. L. Cook, 1970, Intracolony Variation and the Genus Concept in Bryozoa: North American Paleontological Convention, Chicago, 1969, Proceedings C, p. 294-320.

Boardman, Richard S., and Frank K. McKinney, 1976, Skeletal Architecture and Preserved Organs of Four-sided Zooids in Convergent Genera of Paleozoic Trepostomata (Bryozoa): Journal of Paleontology, v. 50, no. 1, p. 25-78, 16 pls.

Boardman, Richard S., and John Utgaard, 1964, Modifications of Study Methods for Paleozoic Bryozoa: Journal of Paleontology, v. 38, no. 4, p. 768-770.

Boardman, Richard S., and John Utgaard, 1966, A Revision of the Ordovician Bryozoan Genera Monticulipora, Peronopora, Heterotrypa, and Dekayia: Journal of Paleontology, v. 40, no. 5, p. 1082-1108, pl. 133-142.

Bodenbender, Brian E., Mark A. Wilson, and Timothy J. Palmer, 1989, Paleoecology of Sphenothallus on an Upper Ordovician Hardground: Lethaia, v. 22, no. 2, p. 217-225.

Bolton, T. E., and J. R. P. Ross, 1985, The Cryptostomate Bryozoan Sceptropora (Rhabdomesina, Arthrostylidae) from Upper Ordovician rocks of southern Mackenzie Mountains, District of Mackenzie: Geological Survey of Canada Paper 85-1A, p. 29-45, pls. 5.1-5.7.

Bouchard, Timothy D., and J. Mark Erickson, 2001, Boring morphology of a newly described domichnium in Ordovician, in situ, branching bryozoan colonies: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 33, no. 6, p. 10.

Brandt, Danita S., 1996, Epizoans on Flexicalymene (Trilobita) and implications for trilobite paleoecology: Journal of Paleontology, v. 70, no. 3, p. 442-449. ----- V.

[Seven of over 2000 specimens examined bear bryozoans; one specimen bears cornulitids. An additional eight specimens in private hands bear bryozoans; they are from a single locality. Four species in three genera of bryozoans are involved -- Amplexopora, Parvohallopora, Heterotrypa. All tilobite specimens are large for their taxon, indicating that fouling occurred on the terminal instar. The apparent preference for attachment on the relatively elevated axial portion of the exoskeleton suggests that the trilobitw was semi-infaunal. Epizoa on the cephalic doublure suggest the possibility that the epizoa utilized feeding currents generated by the trilobits. Page 446 -- brief discussion of epizoa on brachiopods.].

Brown, George D., jr., and Edward J. Daly, 1981, Evolutionary Trends in Parvohallopora Singh in the Dillsboro Formation (Upper Ordovician) of Southeastern Indiana: p. 29-38 IN Recent and Fossil Bryozoa: 5th International Conference of the International Bryozoology Association, Durham, September, 1980 (Larwood, Gilbert P., and Claus Nielsen, eds.): University of Durham, Dept. of Geological Sciences, Durham, United Kingdom.

Brown, George D., jr., and Edward J. Daly, 1985a, Analysis of Evolution of Structural Characters of Parvohallopora Singh from the Dillsboro Formation, Cincinnatian Series, Indiana: p. 51-58 IN Bryozoa, Ordovician to Recent: Papers Presented at the 6th International Conference on Bryozoa, Vienna, 1983 (Nielsen, Claus, and Gilbert P. Larwood, eds.): Olsen and Olsen, Fredensborg, Denmark.

Brown, George D., jr., and Edward J. Daly, 1985b, Trepostome Bryozoa from the Dillsboro Formation (Cincinnatian Series) of southeastern Indiana: Indiana Geological Survey Special Report 33, 95 p., 12 pls.

Brown, George D., jr., and Edward J. Daly, 1987, Trepostome Bryozoan Distributions in the Dillsboro Formation (Cincinnatian Series), Indiana: Water Depth Controls?: p. 41-47 IN Bryozoa: Present and Past (Ross, June R. P., ed.): Western Washington University, Bellingham, Washington.

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Corneliussen, Eric F., and T. G. Perry, 1970, The Ectoproct Batostoma ? cornula (Cumings and Galloway) and its Enigmatic Intrazooecial Spines [Fort Atkinson Limestone (Cincinnatian), Wilmington, Illinois]: Journal of Paleontology, v. 44, no. 6, p. 997-1008, pls. 133-135.

Corneliussen, Eric F., and T. G. Perry, 1973, Monotrypa, Hallopora, Amplexopora, and Hennigopora (Ectoprocta) from the Brownsport Formation (Niagaran), Western Tennessee: Journal of Paleontology, v. 47, no. 2, p. 151-220, 10 pls.

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Cuffey, R. J., 2002, Identification key for North American Ordovician trepostome families: p. 89-92 IN Bryozoan Studies 2001: Proceedings of the Twelfth International Bryozoology Association Conference, Dublin, Ireland, 16-21 July 2001 (Wyse Jackson, Patrick N., Caroline J. Buttler, and Mary E. Spencer Jones, editors): A. A. Balkema Publishers, Lisse, The Netherlands. ----- V.

Cuffey, Roger J., 2005, The Largest Known Bryozoan Reassembled from Near Cincinnati: Ohio Geology, v. 2005, no. 1, p. 1, 3-4. ----- V.

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Cuffey, Roger J., and T. G. Perry, 1964, Redescription of the Syntypes of the Bryozoan Species Rhombotrypa quadrata (Rominger): Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan, v. 19, no. 4, p. 37-45, pls. 1-2.

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Cumings, Edgar Roscoe, 1904, Development of some Paleozoic Bryozoa: American Journal of Science, ser. 4, v. 17, no. 97, p. 49-78.

Cumings, E. R., 1908, The Stratigraphy and Paleontology of the Cincinnati Series of Indiana: Indiana Department of Geology and Natural Resources, Thirty-second Annual Report for 1907, p. 605-1189, 55 pls.

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Cumings, E. R., and J. J. Galloway, 1913, The Stratigraphy and Paleontology of the Tanner's Creek Section of the Cincinnatian Series in Indiana: Indiana Dept. of Geology and Natural Resources, Thirty-seventh Annual Report for 1912, p. 353-479, 20 pls.

Cumings, E. R., and J. J. Galloway, 1915, Studies of the Morphology and History of the Trepostomata or Monticuliporoids: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 26, p. 349-374, pls. 10-15.

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Dalvé, Elizabeth, 1948, The Fossil Fauna of the Ordovician in the Cincinnati Region: University Museum, Department of Geology and Geography, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, II + 56 p. ----- V.

Daly, Edward, and George D. Brown, jr., 1979, The Trepostomatous Bryozoan Genus Hallopora Bassler in the Dillsboro Formation (Cincinnatian) of Southeastern Indiana [abstract]: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 11, no. 1, p. 9.

Dana, James D., 1846, United States Exploring Expedition. During the Years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842. Under the Command of Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. Vol. VII. Zoophytes. C. Sherman, Philadelphia, vi, (7)-740 p. [According to Haskell, 1942, there was an unofficial issue published by Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia, in 1848.]
[includes printing of a manusript by J. W. Van Cleve, the earliest study on fossil bryozoans in the area; see Dana (1846), James Hall (1883), and White(1882).].

Dana, James D., 1849, United States Exploring Expedition. During the years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842. Under the command of Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. Vol. VII. Atlas. Zoophytes. C. Sherman, Philadelphia, 12 p., 61 pls. (According to Haskell, 1942, there was an unofficial issue published by Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia, also in 1849.)

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Dutro, J. T., jr., and R. S. Boardman, editors, 1981, Lophophorates. Notes for a short course: University of Tennessee, Department of Geological Sciences, Studies in Geology 5 (Broadhead, T. W., ed.), iv + 251 p. (available through the Paleontological Society).

Dyer, William S., 1923, Stratigraphy and Paleontology of the Credit River Section of the Upper Cincinnatian Series of Ontario: University of Toronto, Ph.D. dissertation.

Elias, Maxim K., 1954, Cambroporella and Coeloclema, Lower Cambrian and Ordovician Bryozoans: Journal of Paleontology, v. 28, no. 1, p. 52-58, pls. 9-10.

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Flood, Cathleen A., and Roger J. Cuffey, 1983, Trepostome Bryozoan Species from the Upper Reedsville Shale (Late Ordovician) in Central Pennsylvania -- Biostratigraphic and Paleoecologic Implications of a Skeletally Preserved Faunule [abstract]: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 15, no. 3, p. 198-199.

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Fuchs, R., 1998, (personal communication).

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Hattin and Cuffey, IN Davis and Cuffey, 1998

Hickey, David R., 1987, Skeletal Structure, Development and Elemental Composition of the Ordovician Trepostome Bryozoan Peronopora: Palaeontology, v. 30, pt. 4, p. 691-716.

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International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 1957, Opinion 443, Designation under the Plenary Powers of a Type Species in Harmony with Accustomed Usage for the Genus Monticulipora D'Orbigny, October, 1849, (Class Bryozoa) (Ordovician): Opinions and Declarations Rendered by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, v. 5, pt. 3, p.163-174.

International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 1968, Opinion 838, Designation under the Plenary Powers of the Type Species in Harmony with Accustomed Usage for Genera Heterotrypa Nicholson, 1879, and Peronopora Nicholson, 1881 (Class Bryozoa) (Ordovician): Opinions and Declarations Rendered by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, v. 24, pt. 6, p. 835-841.

James, Joseph F., 1888a, Monticulipora, a Coral and Not a Polyzoon: American Geologist, v. 1, no. 6, p. 386-392.

James, U. P., 1878b, Descriptions of Newly Discovered Species of Fossils from the Lower Silurian Formations.-- Cincinnati Group: The Paleontologist, no. 1, p. 1-8.

James, U. P., 1878c, Descriptions of Newly Discovered Species of Fossils and Remarks on Others, from the Lower and Upper Silurian Rocks of Ohio: The Paleontologist, no. 2, p. 9-13. [listed in Davis and Spohn, 1998, as 1878a, ----- with wrong number of pages].

James, U. P., 1878d, Remarks on Constellaria antheloidea. (Hall.): The Paleontologist, no. 2, p. 13-14.

James, U. P., 1878e, Remarks on Helopora dendrina. (James.): The Paleontologist, no. 2, p. 14-15.

James, U. P., 1879e, Description of New Species of Fossils and Remarks on Some Others, from the Lower and Upper Silurian Rocks of Ohio: The Paleontologist, no. 3, p. 17-23.

James, U. P., 1879g, Supplement to Catalogue of Lower Silurian Fossils of the Cincinnati Group, Found at Cincinnati and within a Radius of Forty or Fifty Miles: The Paleontologist, no. 4, p. 29-32. (also issued as a separate, paginated 9-12).

James, U. P., 1881, Contributions to Paleontology: Fossils of the Lower Silurian Formation: Ohio, Indiana and Kentucky: The Paleontologist, no. 5, p. 33-44.

James, U. P., 1882, Descriptions of Ten New Species of Monticulipora. From the Cincinnatian Group. Ohio, Index, etc.: The Paleontologist, no. 6, p. 45-56, pl. I. [no Italics in original].

James, U. P., 1883a, Descriptions of Fossils from the Cincinnati Group: Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History, v. 6, no. 4, p. 235-236, pl. 10.

James, U. P., 1883b, Descriptions of New Species of Fossils from the Cincinnati Group, Ohio and Kentucky: The Paleontologist, no. 7, p. 57-59, pl. II.

James, U. P., 1884a, Description of Three Species of Fossils: Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History, v. 7, no. 1, p. 20-24.

James, U. P., 1884b, Descriptions of Four New Species of Fossils from the Cincinnati Group: Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History, v. 7, no. 3, p. 137-140, pl. 7.

James, U. P., and Joseph F. James, 1887, On the Monticuliporoid Corals of the Cincinnati Group, with Critical Revision of the Species: Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History, v. 10, no. 3, p. 118-141.

James, U. P., and Joseph F. James, 1888a, On the Monticuliporoid Corals of the Cincinnati Group, with Critical Revision of the Species (continued): Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History, v. 10, no. 4, p. 158-184, pl. 2.

James, U. P., and Joseph F. James, 1888b, On the Monticuliporoid Corals of the Cincinnati Group, with Critical Revision of the Species (continued): Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History, v. 11, no. 1, p. 15-47, pl.1.

James, U. P., and Joseph F. James, 1888c, Monograph of the Monticuliporoid Corals of the Cincinnati Group [Reprint of a series of papers published in the Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History in 1887 and 1888.]: U. P. James, Cincinnati, Ohio, 47 p., 1 pl.

Karklins, Olgerts L., 1981, Bryozoan Biostratigraphy in Middle and Upper Ordovician Rocks of Kentucky [abstract]: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 13, no. 7, p. 482-483.

Karklins, O. L., 1983a, Bryozoan Fauna of the Upper Clays Ferry, Kope, and Lower Fairview Formations (Edenian, Upper Ordovician) at Moffett Road, Northern Kentucky: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 83-21, 53 p.

Karklins, Olgerts L., 1983b, Ptilodictyoid Cryptostomata Bryozoa from the Middle and Upper Ordovician Rocks of Central Kentucky: Journal of Paleontology v. 57, no. 1, suppl. (Paleontological Society Memoir 14), 31 p.

Karklins, O. L., 1984, Trepostome and Cystoporate Bryozoans from the Lexington Limestone and the Clays Ferry Formation (Middle and Upper Ordovician) of Kentucky: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1066-I, 105 p., 41 pls.

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Key, Marcus M., jr., 1985, Environmental Stability and Morphogenic Variation in the Bryozoan Homotrypa obliqua [abstract]: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 17, no. 7, p. 628.

Key, Marcus M., jr., 1987, Partitioning of Morphologic Variation across Stability Gradients in Upper Ordovician Trepostomes: p. 145-152 IN Bryozoa: Present and Past (Ross, J. R. P., ed.): Western Washington University, Bellingham, Washington.

Kissling, Don L., and Linda J. Turonis, 1977, Bryozoan Minibioherms in the Upper Ordovician of North-central Kentucky [abstract]: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 9, no. 3, p. 284-285.

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Lyke, F. P., 1982, External Morphology of Some Trepostomatous Ectoprocts of the Bellevue Member, McMillan Formation, (Middle Upper Ordovician, Southwest Ohio): Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, M.S. thesis, 134 p.

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McKinney, Frank K., 1974, Bibliography and Catalogue (1900-1969) of the Trepostomata (Phylum Ectoprocta): Southeastern Geology, Special Publication, no. 4, 147 p.

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McKinney, Frank K., 1977, Autozooecial Budding Patterns in Dendroid Paleozoic Bryozoans: Journal of Paleontology, v. 51, no. 2, p. 303-329, 9 pls.

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Meek, F. B., 1872c, Descriptions of New Western Paleozoic Fossils, Mainly from the Cincinnati Group of the Lower Silurian Series of Ohio: Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, v. 21, pt. 3, p. 308-336.

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Mickleborough, John, and A. G. Wetherby, 1878a, A Classified List of Lower Silurian Fossils, Cincinnati Group: Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History, v. 1, no. 2, p. 61-86.
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Mickleborough, J., and A. G. Wetherby, 1878b, A Classified List of Lower Silurian Fossils, Cincinnati Group: James Barclay, Cincinnati, Ohio, 26 p. [reprint of 1878a].

Miller, S. A., 1874v, Observations upon Stenopora fibrosa and the Genus Chetetes: Cincinnati Quarterly Journal of Science, v. 1, no. 4, p. 368-375. [listed in Davis and Spohn, 1998, as 1874dd]. ----- (check spelling of "Chetetes")

Miller, S. A., 1878, Description of a New Genus and Eleven New Species of Fossils, With Remarks upon Others Well Known, from the Cincinnati Group: Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History, v. 1, no. 2, p. 100-108, pl. III.

Miller, S. A., 1882e, Notice of a Work by Prof. Nicholson on the Genus Monticulipora: Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History, v. 5, no. 1, p. 25-33.

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Milne-Edwards, H., and Jules Haime, 1851, Monographie des polypiers fossiles des Terrains Palaeozoïques, Précédée d’un tableau général de la classification des Polypes: Archives du Muséum d’Histoire naturelle, Paris, v. 5, p. 1-504, 20 pls.

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Nicholson, H. A., 1875a, Descriptions of New Species of Polyzoa from the Lower and Upper Silurian Rocks of North America: Annals and Magazine of Natural History, ser. 4, v. 15, no. 87, p. 177-184.

Nicholson, H. Alleyne, 1875b, Descriptions of Polyzoa from the Silurian Formation: Report of the Geological Survey of Ohio, v. 2, pt. 2, p. 257-268, pl. 25.

Nicholson, H. A., 1875c, Descriptions of Species of Hippothoa and Alecto from the Lower Silurian Rocks of Ohio, with a Description of Aulopora arachnoidea Hall: Annals and Magazine of Natural History, ser. 4, v. 15, no. 86, p. 123-127.

Nicholson, H. A., 1876, Notes on the Palaeozoic Corals of the State of Ohio: Annals and Magazine of Natural History, ser. 4, v. 18, p. 85-95, pl. 5.

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Nickles, John M., 1902a, Description of a New Bryozoan, "Homotrypa bassleri"; n. sp., from the Warren Beds of the Lorraine Group: Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History, v. 20, no. 2, p. 103-105 (no Italics in original).

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Palmer, T. J., and M. A. Wilson, 1987, Parasitism of Ordovician Bryozoans and the Origin of Pseudoborings [abstract]: Palaeontological Association Annual Conference 17th-20th December 1987. Abstracts, p. 12-13.

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Pohowsky, Robert A., 1969, An Introduction to the Paleontology of Shell-Penetrating Ctenostomata (Ectoprocta): University of Cincinnati, Ohio, M.S. thesis, p. i-vi + 1-109, pls. 1-4. ----- V.

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Pohowsky, Robert A., 1974, Notes on the Study and Nomenclature of Boring Bryozoa: Journal of Paleontology, v. 48, no. 3, p. 556-564. ----- V.

Pohowsky, Robert A., 1978, The Boring Ctenostomate Bryozoa: Taxonomy and Paleobiology Based on Cavities in Calcareous Substrata: Bulletins of American Paleontology, v. 73, no. 301, 192 p., 24 pls.

Pursell, Benjamin F., and Roger J. Cuffey, 1995, Bryozoan Species Surrounding and below the Maysville Bryozoan Reefs (Upper Ordovician, North-central Kentucky) [abstract]: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 27, no. 3, p. 81.

Rockwell, Lynn A., and Roger J. Cuffey, 1996, Great Bryozoan Diversity and Sampling in the Uppermost Ordovician (Whitewater Formation) at Caesar Creek (Southwestern Ohio) [abstract]: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 28, no. 6, p. 62.

Roeminger, Carl, 1866, Observations on Chaetetes and Some Related Genera, in Regard to Their Systematic Position, with an Appended Description of Some New Species: Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 1866, p. 113-123.

Roeminger, C., 1890, Studies on Monticulipora: American Geologist, v. 6, no. 2, p. 102-121.

Ross, June Phillips, 1960, Reevaluation of the Type Species of Arthropora Ulrich: Journal of Paleontology, v. 34, no. 5, p. 859-861, pl. 108.

Ross, June R. P., 1970, Discussion of "On the Validity of the Name Hallopora for a Genus of Trepostome Bryozoan" by R. J. Singh: Journal of Paleontology, v. 44, no. 4, p. 785.

Ross, J. R. P., 1985, Biogeography of Ordovician Ectoproct (Bryozoan) Faunas: p. 265-271 IN Bryozoa, Ordovician to Recent: Papers presented at the 6th International Conference on Bryozoa, Vienna, 1983 (Nielsen, Claus, and Gilbert P. Larwood, eds.): Olsen and Olsen, Fredensborg, Denmark.

Ross, June R. P., and Charles A. Ross, 2002, Bryozoans in Ordovician depositional sequences, Cincinnati Arch region, USA: p. 261-274 IN Bryozoan Studies 2001: Proceedings of the Twelfth International Bryozoology Association Conference, Dublin, Ireland, 16-21 July 2001 (Wyse Jackson, Patrick N., Caroline J. Buttler, and Mary E. Spencer Jones, editors): A. A. Balkema Publishers, Lisse, The Netherlands. ----- V.
[faunal list, including stratigraphic information, p. 266-269]

Ruedemann, Rudolf, 1925b, The Utica and Lorraine Formations of New York. Part 2. Systematic Paleontology. No. I. Plants, Sponges, Corals, Graptolites, Crinoids, Worms, Bryozoans, Brachiopods: New York State Museum Bulletin, no. 262, p. 1-171, 13 pls. ----- V.

Sardeson, Frederick W., 1901, Problems of the Monticuliporidae, I: Journal of Geology, v. 9, no. 1, p. 1-27, pl. A.

Sardeson, Frederick W., 1936, Early Bryozoans: Monotrypa to Eridotrypa: Pan-American Geologist, v. 66, no. 3, p. 179-190, pl. 15.

Schopf, Thomas J. M., 1969, Paleoecology of Ectoprocts (Bryozoans): Journal of Paleontology, v. 43, no. 2, p. 234-244.

Schumacher, Gregory A., Douglas L. Shrake, E. Mac Swinford, Lynn A. Rockwell, and Roger J. Cuffey, 1998, Upper Arnheim through Lower Whitewater Strata at Caesar Creek Lake (Upper Ordovician, Southwestern Ohio): p. 95-99 IN Sampling the Layer Cake that Isn't: The Stratigraphy and Paleontology of the Type-Cincinnatian (Davis, Richard Arnold, and Roger J. Cuffey, eds.): Ohio Division of Geological Survey Guidebook No. 13.

Shrake, Douglas L., 1987a, Paleoecology of a Cincinnatian (Upper Ordovician) Bryozoan-trilobite Association [abstract]: Ohio Journal of Science, v. 87, no. 2, p. 10.

Shrake, Douglas Lee, 1989, Paleoecology of a Cincinnatian (Upper Ordovician) Bryozoan-trilobite Association: Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio, M.S. thesis, ix + 90 p.

Simpson, C. B., 1897, A Handbook of the Genera of the North American Paleozoic Bryozoa: With an Introduction upon the Structure of Living Species: State Geologist of New York, 14th Annual Report for 1894, p. 407-669, pls. A-E.

Singh, Raman J., 1966, Conodonts from the Bellevue Limestone Member of the McMillan Formation (Upper Ordovician) of Cincinnati, Ohio: University of Cincinnati, Ohio, M.S. thesis, i + 98 p., 3 pls.

Singh, Raman J., 1970, On the Validity of the Name Hallopora for a Genus of Trepostome Bryozoan: Journal of Paleontology, v. 44, no. 4, p. 784-785.

Singh, Raman J., 1971, Trepostomatous Bryozoan Fauna and Stratigraphy of the Bellevue Limestone, Upper Ordovician, in the Tri-state area of Ohio, Indiana, and Kentucky: University of Cincinnati, Ohio, Ph.D. thesis, vi + 188 p., 33 pls.

Singh, Raman J., 1979, Trepostomatous Bryozoan Fauna from the Bellevue Limestone, Upper Ordovician, in the Tri-state Area of Ohio, Indiana, and Kentucky: Bulletins of American Paleontology, v. 76, no. 307, p. 157-288, pls. 16-48.

Spjeldnaes, Nils, 1963, A redescription of the Type Species of the Bryozoan Genus Crepipora: Journal of Paleontology, v. 37, no. 1, p. 64-68, pls. 9-10.

Tang, Su, and Roger J. Cuffey, 1989, Constellariid Bryozoan Species in the Type Cincinnatian (Upper Ordovician: Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky) [abstract]: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 21, no. 4, p. 49.

Taylor, Paul D., and Mark A. Wilson, 1994, Corynotrypa from the Ordovician of North America: Colony Growth in a Primitive Stenolaemate Bryozoan: Journal of Paleontology, v. 68, no. 2, p. 241-257.

Taylor, Paul D., and Mark A. Wilson, 1996, Cuffeyella, a New Bryozoan Genus from the Late Ordovician of North America, and Its Bearing on the Origin of the Post-Paleozoic Cyclostomates: p. 351-360 IN Bryozoans In Space and Time (Gordon, Dennis P., Abigail M. Smith, and Jack A. Grant-Mackie, eds.): National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Wellington, New Zealand.

Thompson, D. R., 1963, Astogenetic Study of Some Trepostomatous Bryozoa in the Waynesville Formation of the Richmond Group: Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, M.S. thesis, 138 p.

Tuckey, Michael E., and Robert L. Anstey, 1992, Late Ordovician Extinctions of Bryozoans: Lethaia, v. 25, no. 1, p. 111-117.

Ulrich, E. O., 1878a, Descriptions of Some New Species of Fossils, from the Cincinnati Group: Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History, v. 1, no. 2, p. 92-100, pl. IV.

Callopora cincinnatiensis n. sp., p. 93;
Chaetetes venustus n. sp., p. 93-94;
Ptilodictya perelegans, n. sp., p. 94-95

Ulrich, E. O., 1879a, Description of a New Genus and Some New Species of Bryozoans from the Cincinnati Group: Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History, v. 2, no. 3, p. 119-131, pl. 12.

Ulrich, E. O., 1879b, Descriptions of New Genera and Species of Fossils from the Lower Silurian about Cincinnati: Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History, v. 2, no. 1, p. 8-30, pl. 7.

Chaetetes compressus, n. sp., p. 27;
Crateripora, nov. gen., p. 29;
Crateripora erecta, n. sp., p. 30;
Crateripora lineata, n. sp., p. 29-30 ----- type-species;
Crateripora lineata, var. expansa, p. 30;
Fistulipora flabellata, n. sp., p. 28;
Rhopalonaria, nov. gen., p. 26;
Ropalonaria venosa, n. sp., p. 26-27.

Ulrich, E. O., 1880, Catalogue of Fossils Occurring in the Cincinnati Group, of Ohio, Indiana & Kentucky: James Barclay, Cincinnati, Ohio, iv + 31 p.

Ulrich, E. O., 1882a, American Paleozoic Bryozoa: Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History, v. 5, no. 3, p. 121-175, pls. 6-8.

Ulrich, E. O., 1882b, American Palaeozoic Bryozoa. [Continued from Vol. 5, page 175.]): Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History, v. 5, no. 4, p. 232-257, pls. 10-11.

Ulrich, E. O., 1883a, American Palaeozoic Bryozoa. [Continued from Vol. 5, page 257.]: Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History, v. 6, no. 1, p. 82-92, pl. 1.

Ulrich, E. O., 1883b, American Palaeozoic Bryozoa. [Continued from Vol. vi, page 92.]: Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History, v. 6, no. 2, p. 148-168, pls. 6-7.

[Spatiopora on orthocones]

Ulrich, E. O., 1883c, American Palaeozoic Bryozoa.[Continued from Vol. vi., p. 168.]: Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History, v. 6, no. 4, p. 245-279, pls. 12-14.

Ulrich, E. O., 1884, American Palaeozoic Bryozoa. (Continued from Vol. vi., p. 279.): Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History, v. 7, no. 1, p. 24-51, pls. 1-3.

Ulrich, E. O., 1886, Report on the Lower Silurian Bryozoa with Preliminary Descriptions of Some New Species: Geological and Natural History Survey of Minnesota, 14th Annual Report for 1885, p. 57-103.

Ulrich, E. O., 1890a, New Lower Silurian Bryozoa: Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History, v. 12, no. 4, p. 173-198.

Ulrich, E. O., 1890f, Paleozoic Bryozoa: Illinois Geological Survey, v. 8, pt. 2, sec. 6, p. 285-688, pls. 29-78.

Ulrich, E. O., 1893b, On Lower Silurian Bryozoa of Minnesota: Minnesota Geological and Natural History, Final Report, v. 3, pt. 1, p. 96-332, 28 pls.
[The title-page of the volume bears the date 1895, but page liii states that 100 copies of the bryozoan part were printed and distributed in early 1893. ----- fide Roger J. Cuffey, personal communication, June 2001.]
[listed in Davis and Spohn, 1998, as 1893b and 1895].

[Note of 8 July 2006: There is in the Geology/Physics Library at the University of Cincinnati a volume with a bound-in, card-board cover that reads "THE BRYOZOA OF THE LOWER SILURIAN IN MINNESOTA. BY E. O. ULRICH. [FROM VOL. III OF THE FINAL REPORT OF THE GEOLOGICAL AND NATURAL HISTORY SURVEY OF MINNESOTA, JAN. 15, 1893.]" and an initial page that reads: "LOWER SILURIAN BRYOZOA. E. O. ULRICH. [EXTRACTED FROM VOL. III OF THE FINAL REPORT OF THE GEOLOGICAL AND NATURAL HISTORY SURVEY OF MINNESOTA.]"; the initial page bears a hand-written inscription: "With the compliments of E.O Ulrich."; the actual first page of the work (the verso of the initial page of the volume) bears the heading: "CHAPTER IV. ON LOWER SILURIAN BRYOZOA OF MINNESOTA." and the page-number "[96]". The last numbered page is 332; there are 28 plates; there are no pages at the beginning that bear lower-case Roman numerals. This may be one of the "pre-prints alluded to by Cuffey. The call-number of the volume is QE798.f.U57.].

Ulrich, E. O., 1896, Bryozoa: p. 257-291, text figs. 411-488 IN Zittel, K. A. von (Eastman, C. R., trans. and ed.), Text-book of Paleontology: Macmillan and Co., New York, v. 1.

Ulrich, E. O., and R. S. Bassler, 1904a, A Revision of the Paleozoic Bryozoa, pt. 1, On Genera and Species of Ctenostomata: Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, v. 45, p. 256-294, 4 pls.

Ulrich, E. O., and R. S. Bassler, 1904b, A Revision of the Paleozoic Bryozoa, pt. 2, On Genera and Species of Trepostomata: Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, v. 47, no. 1470, p. 15-55, pls. 6-14.

Utgaard, John Edward, 1963, Trepostomatous Bryozoan Fauna of the Upper Part of the Whitewater Formation (Cincinnatian) of Eastern Indiana and Western Ohio: Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, Ph.D. dissertation, 264 p.

Utgaard, John, 1968a, A Revision of North American Genera of Ceramoporoid Bryozoans (Ectoprocta): Part I, Anolotichiidae: Journal of Paleontology, v. 42, no. 4, p. 1033-1041, pls. 129-132.

Utgaard, John, 1968b, A Revision of North American Genera of Ceramoporoid Bryozoans (Ectoprocta): Part II; Crepipora, Ceramoporella, Acanthoceramoporella, and Ceramophylla: Journal of Paleontology, v. 42, no. 6, p. 1444-1455, pls. 181-184.

Utgaard, John, 1969, A Revision of North American Genera of Ceramoporoid Bryozoans (Ectoprocta): Part III; The Ceramporoid Genera Ceramopora, Papillalunaria, Favositelia, and Haplotrypa: Journal of Paleontology, v. 43, no. 2, p. 289-297, pls. 51-54.

Utgaard, John, 1973, Mode of Colony Growth, Autozooids, and Polymorphism in the Bryozoan Order Cystoporata: p. 317-360, 74 text-figs IN Animal Colonies (Boardman, Richard S., Alan H. Cheetham, and William A. Oliver, jr., eds.): Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross, Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania.

Utgaard, John, and R. S. Boardman, 1965, Heterotrypa Nicholson, 1879, and Peronopora Nicholson, 1881, Bryozoa, Trepostomata: Proposed Designation of a Type-species in Conformity with Generally Accepted Usage: Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, v. 22, pt. 2, p. 112-118.

Utgaard, John E., and T. G. Perry, 1964a, Trepostomatous Bryozoan Fauna of the Upper Part of the Whitewater Formation (Cincinnatian) of Eastern Indiana and Western Ohio: Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 33, 111 p., 23 pls.

Utgaard, John E., and T. G. Perry, 1964b, Trepostomatous Bryozoan Fauna of the Upper Part of the Whitewater Formation (Cincinnatian) of Eastern Indiana and Western Ohio [abstract]: Geological Society of America Special Paper 76, p. 171.

Van Cleve, J. W., 1846, [manuscript, on bryozoans, published in Dana, 1846; Van Cleve's study was the earliest one on fossil bryozoans in the area; see Dana (1846), James Hall (1883), and White (1882).].

Waugh, D. A., 1999, Description and functional morphology of a uniquely-complete colony of Heterotrypa frondosa (Bryozoa) (Upper Ordovician: Maysvillian) from Ohio: Senior thesis, St. Lawrence University, Canton, New York.
{Waugh and Jackson, 2002, p. 338}.

Waugh, D. A., and J. M. Erickson, 2002, Functional morphology of the anastomosing frondose growth form reported in Heterotrypa frondosa (d'Orbigny) (Bryozoa: Trepostomata) from the Cincinnatian (Late Ordovician) of Ohio: p. 331-338 IN Bryozoan Studies 2001: Proceedings of the Twelfth International Bryozoology Association Conference, Dublin, Ireland, 16-21 July 2001 (Wyse Jackson, Patrick N., Caroline J. Buttler, and Mary E. Spencer Jones, editors): Swets & Zeitlinger, Lisse.

Waugh, David A., and J. Mark Erickson, and Robert S. Crawford, 2004, Two growth forms of Heterotrypa Nicholson, 1879 (Bryozoa: Trepostomata) from the type-Cincinnatian: Putting the pieces back together: The Compass of Sigma Gamma Epsilon, v. 78, no. 3, p. 97-111. ----- V.

White, C. A., 1882, Van Cleve's Fossil Corals: Indiana Department of Geology and Natural History, Eleventh Annual Report. 1881, p. 376-401, pls. 44-55. [Van Cleve's study was the earliest one on fossil bryozoans in the area; see Dana (1846) and James Hall (1883).].

Wyse Jackson, Patrick N., and Mary E. Spencer Jones, 2002, Annals of Bryozoology: aspects of the history of research on bryozoans: International Bryozoology Assocation, c/o Department of Geology, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland, viii + 382 p. [printed by Colour Books, Baldoyle, Dublin]. ----- V.

Yang, K., 1947, The Bryozoa of the Greendale Member, Cynthiana Formation, Kentucky: Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, M.A. thesis, 41 p.

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ANKYLIOGRAPHY

(Editorial note: The word "ankyliography" is analogous to the word "bibliography", but is derived from the Greek word "ankylion", which denotes a link in a chain [as opposed to "biblion", "book"].)

Steven M. Holland's web-site (7 July 2004): http://www.uga.edu/~strata/cincy/fauna/bryozoa.html

For some general information about the bryozoans, please, visit a web-page I constructed for use in a general zoology course.

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ABOUT THIS WEB-PAGE -- Caveat lector !

This web-page was constructed using MS-FrontPage and its version of html. The results have been previewed by way of MS Internet Explorer. Unfortunately, things that look fine when viewed with Internet Explorer sometimes look rather peculiar when viewed with Netscape. For example, there can be unexpected and unpredictable changes in the size, shape, style of type, or some combination of these. Moreover, sometimes different versions of Internet Explorer do not present the same web‑page in the same way; for example, hyphens in one version can mutate into empty rectangles in another. Alas!

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Go to the Overall Alphabetical Listing of type-Cincinnatian Genera.


29 May 1998; 18 February 2001; 30 September 2001; 18 and 25 July 2002; 6 August 2002; 29 January 2003; 30 June 2004; 07, 09, 11, 12, 13, 15, 21, 22, 23, 26, and 27 July 2004; 28 August 2004; 05 September 2004; 16 June 2005; 02 August 2005; 05, 07, and 08 July 2006